Apollo 11 astronaut Michael Collins, who piloted the ship from which Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin left to make their historic first steps on the moon in 1969, has died of cancer. He was 90.

His family announced his death on Wednesday.

Collins was part of the three-man Apollo 11 crew that effectively ended the space race between the United States and Russia and fulfilled President John F Kennedy’s challenge to reach the moon by the end of the 1960s.

Although he travelled some 383,000 km to the moon and came within 111km, Collins never set foot on the lunar surface like his crewmates Aldrin and Armstrong, who died in 2012.

While he was frequently asked if he regretted not landing on the moon, that was never an option for Collins, at least not on Apollo 11.

Listen to our full chat with Astro-expert Brad Tucker who helps us remember the life of Michael Collins Below: